27th Sunday in Ordinary Time: Gospel – Matthew 21:33-43
The first reading from Isaiah, and Jesus’ parable in the Gospel, both employ the imagery of a vineyard to illustrate a common theme: our failure to respond generously to God’s nurturing attention.
Just as the landowner makes every effort on behalf of his vineyard, symbolic of Israel, so does God continually lavish His gifts and graces upon us.
“God loved His people first,” establishing His covenant, and revealing His Commandments to seal our relationship with Him.
As a result, our “moral existence is a response to the Lord’s loving initiative” (Catechism paragraphs 2060-62), an honoring of our “fundamental duties” toward God and neighbor (2072).
But the wayward tenants in the Gospel refuse to meet their just obligations, despite the repeated calls of the landowner’s servants – the prophets – and even His own Son, Jesus. Their violent reaction is a foreshadowing of the Lord’s Passion and Death, which Jesus addresses directly to His listeners.
As Benedict XVI notes:
The audience knows he is saying to them: Just as the Prophets were abused and killed, so now you want to kill me: I’m talking about you and about me.
…But the Lord always speaks in the present and with an eye to the future. He is also speaking with us and about us.
If we open our eyes, isn’t what is said in the parable actually a description of our present world? Isn’t this precisely the logic of the modern age, of our age?
Let us declare that God is dead, then we ourselves will be God…At last we can do what we please. We get rid of God…
The “vineyard” belongs to us. What happens to man and the world next? We are already beginning to see it…
–Jesus of Nazareth, Vol. 1, p. 257.
Question for reflection: How do I respond when challenged by a truth I may not want to hear?